Refractive index database

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Optical constants of YVO4 (Yttrium orthovanadate)
Birnbaum and DeShazer 1976: n(o) 0.488–3.39 µm

Wavelength: µm

Complex refractive index (n+ik)[ i ]

n   k   LogX   LogY   eV

Derived optical constants

Dispersion formula [ i ]



Ordinary ray (o)


1) M. Birnbaum, L. G. DeShazer. Low threshold CW Nd laser oscillator at 1060 nm study, NASA Report, Contract Number NAS 5-22387 (1976)
2) T. S. Lomheim. L. G. DeShazer. Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978)
*Ref. 2 provides a dispersion formula based on data from Ref. 1


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Yttrium orthovanadate, YVO4

Yttrium orthovanadate (YVO4) is a crystalline material known for its outstanding optical properties. It serves as a prominent choice for optical applications, especially as a laser host crystal. When doped with specific rare-earth ions like neodymium (Nd:YVO4), it becomes a popular solid-state laser medium due to its high gain, low lasing threshold, and high efficiency. YVO4 also exhibits excellent birefringence, which makes it suitable for frequency doubling and other nonlinear optical processes. The material boasts a broad transparency range, from the visible to the near-infrared spectrum. Its high index of refraction enables tight focusing of light, beneficial in certain optical systems. In its pure form, YVO4 is transparent and colorless.

Other name

  • Yttrium vanadate

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