Optical constants of SiO2 (Silicon dioxide, Silica, Quartz)
Malitson 1965: n 0.21–6.7 µm
Complex refractive index (n+ik)
Derived optical constants
Conditions & Spec sheet
n_is_absolute: false wavelength_is_vacuum: false temperature: 20 °C
Fused silica, 20 °C
1) I. H. Malitson. Interspecimen comparison of the refractive index of fused silica, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1205-1208 (1965)
2) C. Z. Tan. Determination of refractive index of silica glass for infrared wavelengths by IR spectroscopy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223, 158-163 (1998)
* Sellmeier formula is reported in Ref. 1 for the 0.21-3.71 μm wavelength range. Ref. 2 verifies the validity of the formula up to 6.7 μm.
Silicon dioxide, SiO2Silicon dioxide (SiO2), commonly known as silica, is found naturally in several crystalline forms, the most notable being quartz. Additionally, when silicon dioxide is manufactured without the crystalline structure, it forms what is known as fused silica. Fused silica is a non-crystalline (or amorphous) form of silicon dioxide and is produced by melting high purity silica at extremely high temperatures. It has superior optical clarity, especially in the ultraviolet (UV) range, and is resistant to thermal shock, making it valuable for many high-end optical applications, including lenses and windows in spacecraft and satellites. SiO2 is extensively used in electronics as an insulator and serves as a primary ingredient in the production of glass. It's also used in thin-film optics, often as antireflection coatings on optical devices. Beyond its optical applications, silicon dioxide finds use in ceramics, construction, and even as a food additive.
- Silicon oxide
- Silicon(IV) dioxide
- Alpha quartz (α-quartz, most common)
- Beta quartz (β-quartz, only stable at temperatures above 573 °C)