Refractive index database

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Optical constants of WS2 (Tungsten disulfide)
Vyshnevyy et al. 2023: n,k(o) 0.36–1.70 µm

Wavelength: µm

Complex refractive index (n+ik)[ i ]

n   k   LogX   LogY   eV

Derived optical constants

Conditions & Spec sheet

n_is_absolute: true
wavelength_is_vacuum: true


Bulk WS2. Ordinary ray (o).


A. A. Vyshnevyy, G. A. Ermolaev, D. V. Grudinin, K. V. Voronin, I. Kharichkin, A. Mazitov, I. A. Kruglov, D. I. Yakubovky, P. Mishra, R. V. Kirtaev, A. V. Arsenin, K. S. Novoselov, L. Martin-Moreno, V. S. Volkov. Van der Waals Materials for overcoming fundamental limitations in photonic integrated circuitry, Nano Lett., 23, 8057–8064 (2023) (Numerical data kindly provided by Georgy Ermolaev)


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Tungsten disulfide, WS2

Tungsten disulfide (WS2) is a layered transition metal dichalcogenide that possesses distinct properties based on its structural morphology. In its three-dimensional bulk form, WS2 has indirect bandgap semiconducting properties, which contrasts its behavior when isolated to a monolayer or few-layer forms. When exfoliated to these thin layers, WS2 undergoes a transition to a direct bandgap semiconductor, making it intriguing for potential applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and photonics. This material's unique hexagonal structure gives it excellent lubrication capabilities, often preferred in environments with high pressures and temperatures. Furthermore, research continues into its promise in nanoelectronic devices, spintronic applications, and as a component in heterostructures with other two-dimensional materials.

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