Optical constants of CaF2 (Calcium fluoride)
Li 1980: n 0.15–12.0 µm; 20 °C
Complex refractive index (n+ik)
Derived optical constants
293 K (20 °C).
H. H. Li. Refractive index of alkaline earth halides and its wavelength and temperature derivatives. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 9, 161-289 (1980) and references therein.
* Sellmeier formula is derived by critical analysis of experimental data from several sources.
Calcium fluoride, CaF2Calcium fluoride (CaF2) is an inorganic compound with a cubic crystal structure, exhibiting excellent optical transparency over a wide range of wavelengths, from ultraviolet to infrared. It has a low refractive index (approximately 1.43 at 589 nm) and minimal chromatic dispersion, making it a preferred material for lenses, optical windows, and other components in spectroscopy and high-resolution imaging systems. Due to its low solubility and chemical stability, it is highly resistant to weathering and corrosion, making it suitable for harsh environments. In the realm of laser applications, CaF2 is often used as an optical gain medium when doped with rare-earth ions such as ytterbium or erbium. The compound is synthesized through various methods, including precipitation from aqueous solutions and high-temperature reactions between calcium and fluorine gas. Its excellent optical, thermal, and chemical properties make calcium fluoride a material of considerable interest for a wide variety of optical and industrial applications.
- Calcium difluoride
- Calcium(II) fluoride
- Fluorite (fluorspar)